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  Diamond 4 C's
 
Four characteristics called 4 Cs’ namely, Cut, Carat, Clarity, and Colour play an important role in the grading of a diamond. The 4 Cs’ establish the true worth of a diamond.
 
Cut
 
The cut of the diamond defines its sparkle. The shine of the diamond depends on how it has been cut and how many facets it has. When cut is correct the diamond will shine more. The shallow cut diamond will appear opaque and glassy while deep cut stone will face up smaller than its actual carat weight & display a black center. The ideal cut diamond is properly proportioned and will refract maximum light up through the Table & Crown facets to your eye.
 
Carat
 
Carat is the size of the diamond. One carat is made up of 100 points and 5 carats make one gram. Very often a less than 100 point diamond is sold of as 1 carat diamond hence it is essential to get size in terms of points rather than the weight of the diamond.
 
Clarity
 
Diamond clarity is a quality of diamonds relating to the existence and visual appearance of internal characteristics of a diamond called inclusions, and surface defects called blemishes. They may look like crystals, cloud or feathers and they are what make each diamond different and unique.
 
Colour
 
Diamond clarity is a quality of diamonds relating to the existence and visual appearance of internal characteristics of a diamond called inclusions, and surface defects called blemishes. They may look like crystals, cloud or feathers and they are what make each diamond different and unique.
 
Diamond Anatomy